In 1775 in Paris, what has grown into an exclusive brand was started. – Today, as many watch brands have moved their headquarters to Switzerland.
Together with Blancpain and Vacheron Constantin, Breguet is one of the world’s oldest watch brands and the inventor of what everyone wants in a watch, namely a tourbillon. Breguet was also the first brand to make and sell a watch that you could wear on your arm.
Fact: this is a Tourbillon
In horology, a tourbillon is an addition to the mechanics of a watch escapement to increase accuracy. It was developed around 1795 and patented by the French-Swiss watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet on June 26, 1801. In a tourbillon the escapement and balance wheel are mounted in a rotating cage, in order to negate the effects of gravity when the timepiece ( thus the escapement) is stuck in a certain position. By continuously rotating the entire balance wheel / escapement assembly at a slow rate (typically about one revolution per minute), the tourbillon averages out positional errors.
Originally an attempt to improve accuracy, tourbillons are still included in some expensive modern watches (Swiss models, such as those by TAG Heuer and Frédérique Constant, start at around $ 15,000) as a novelty and a demonstration of watchmaking virtuosity. The mechanism is usually exposed on the watch’s face to showcase it.
Even though they were the first to sell wristwatches, they still work with wall clocks. They also make jewelry. Since 1999, it has been a subsidiary of the Swiss Swatch Group.
Abraham Breguet in addition to tourbillon he also invented and produced the world’s first self-winding watch (the Perpétuelle) in 1780, as well as the world’s first wristwatch in 1810 (the Breguet No.2639, for Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples).